The calf muscle group consists of two groups of muscles responsible for moving the ankle and foot. Sudden pain that occurs in the calf during activity may be the result of a pulled or torn calf muscle, called a strain, and occurs when part of the muscles in the lower leg are stretched beyond their capacity, causing small micro tears in the muscle fibers. Torn calf muscles may spasm and contract causing the person to walk more on their forefoot.
Injuries can be treated with sports massage to reduce scar tissue in the calf muscle and to prevent recurring injury; taping to reduce pain and inflammation and facilitate muscles in movement; range of motion/stretching exercises; the use of a foam roller to stretch the fascia or connective tissue which surrounds a muscles and strengthening exercises.
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